Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with A. Steger, D. Steurer and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, October 31, 2017, 12:15 pm

Duration: 30 minutes

Location: OAT S15/S16/S17

Speaker: Omri Ben-Eliezer (Tel Aviv University)

The ordered graph removal lemma

The triangle removal lemma, proved by Ruzsa and Szemerédi in 1976, states that if a graph contains a small number of triangles then it can be made triangle-free by a small number of edge deletions. In a series of works, culminating in a result of Alon and Shapira from 2005, it was shown that in fact, any hereditary graph property P satisfies a removal lemma of this type: If most subgraphs of G of a certain constant size satisfy P, then we can make G satisfy P using a small number of edge insertions/deletions.
However, these results only applied for unordered graphs, as the proof methods relied heavily on the fact that in such graphs there is no order on the vertices. For ordered structures, such as vertex-ordered graphs and matrices, no removal lemmas have been known. Here we settle this issue, establishing an ``order preserving'' removal lemma for all hereditary properties of ordered graphs, matrices, and other ordered 2D structures. The result has direct implications in property testing, showing that any hereditary property of these ordered structures is constant-query testable with one-sided error.
Based on joint work with Noga Alon and Eldar Fischer, that recently appeared in FOCS'17.

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