Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with A. Steger, D. Steurer and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Thursday, March 16, 2023, 12:15 pm

Duration: 30 minutes

Location: CAB G51

Speaker: David Munha Canas Correia

Hamilton cycles in pseudorandom graphs

Finding general conditions which ensure that a graph is Hamiltonian is a central topic in graph theory. An old and well known conjecture in the area states that any d-regular n-vertex graph G whose second largest eigenvalue in absolute value λ(G) is at most d/C, for some universal constant C>0, has a Hamilton cycle. We obtain two main results which make substantial progress towards this problem. Firstly, we settle this conjecture in full when the degree d is at least a small power of n. Secondly, in the general case we show that λ(G)≤d/C(log n)^{1/3} implies the existence of a Hamilton cycle, improving the 20-year old bound of d/(log n)^{1−o(1)} of Krivelevich and Sudakov. We use in a novel way a variety of methods, such as a robust Pósa rotation-extension technique, the Friedman-Pippenger tree embedding with rollbacks and the absorbing method, combined with additional tools and ideas. Our results have several interesting applications, giving best bounds on the number of generators which guarantee the Hamiltonicity of random Cayley graphs, which is an important partial case of the well known Hamiltonicity conjecture of Lovász. They can also be used to improve a result of Alon and Bourgain on additive patterns in multiplicative subgroups. This is joint work with Stefan Glock and Benny Sudakov.

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