Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with A. Steger, D. Steurer and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, September 22, 2009, 12:15 pm

Duration: This information is not available in the database

Location: OAT S15/S16/S17

Speaker: Tobias Müller (Tel Aviv Univ., Israel)

Hamiltonicity of the random geometric graph

Let $X_1,\dots, X_n$ be independent, uniformly random points from $[0,1]^2$. We prove that if we add edges between these points one by one by order of increasing edge length then, with probability tending to 1 as the number of points $n$ tends to $\infty$, the resulting graph gets its first Hamilton cycle at exactly the same time it loses its last vertex of degree less than two. This answers an open question of Penrose and provides an analogue for the random geometric graph of a celebrated result of Ajtai, Komlós and Szemerédi and independently of Bollobás on the Erdős-Rényi random graph.

We are also able to deduce very precise information on the limiting probability that the random geometric graph is Hamiltonian analogous to a result of Komlós and Szemerédi on the Erdős-Rényi random graph. The proof generalizes to uniform random points on the $d$-dimensional hypercube where the edge-lengths are measured using the $l_p$-norm for some $1<p\leq\infty$. The proof can also be adapted to show that, with probability tending to 1 as the number of points $n$ tends to $\infty$, there are cycles of all lengths between $3$ and $n$ at the moment the graph loses its last vertex of degree less than two.

Time permitting, I will speak about a number of additional results on Hamilton cycles in the random geometric graph.

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