Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with A. Steger, D. Steurer and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, September 06, 2016, 12:15 pm

Duration: 30 minutes

Location: CAB G11

Speaker: Efi Fogel (Tel Aviv University)

Exact Minkowski Sums of Polygons With Holes

We present an efficient algorithm that computes the Minkowski sum of two polygons, which may have holes. The new algorithm is based on the convolution approach. Its efficiency stems in part from a property for Minkowski sums of polygons with holes, which in fact holds in any dimension: Given two polygons with holes, for each input polygon we can fill up the holes that are relatively small compared to the other polygon. Specifically, we can always fill up all the holes of at least one polygon, transforming it into a simple polygon, and still obtain exactly the same Minkowski sum. Obliterating holes in the input summands speeds up the computation of Minkowski sums. We introduce a robust implementation of the new algorithm, which follows the Exact Geometric Computation paradigm and thus guarantees exact results. We also present an empirical comparison of the performance of Minkowski sum construction of various input examples, where we show that the implementation of the new algorithm exhibits better performance than several other implementations in many cases. The software is available as part of the 2D Minkowski Sums Package package of CGAL (Computational Geometry Algorithms Library), starting from Release 4.7. Additional information and supplementary material is available at our project page

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