Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with A. Steger, D. Steurer and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, November 02, 2021, 12:15 pm

Duration: 30 minutes

Location: OAT S15/S16/S17

Speaker: Domagoj Bradac

Turán numbers of sunflowers

A collection of distinct sets is called a sunflower if the intersection of any pair of sets equals the common intersection of all the sets. Sunflowers are fundamental objects in extremal set theory with relations and applications to many other areas of mathematics as well as theoretical computer science. A central problem in the area due to Erdős and Rado from 1960 asks for the minimum number of sets of size r needed to guarantee the existence of a sunflower of a given size. Despite a lot of recent attention including a polymath project and some amazing breakthroughs, even the asymptotic answer remains unknown.

We study a related problem first posed by Duke and Erdős in 1977 which requires that in addition the intersection size of the desired sunflower be fixed. For a fixed size of the sunflower k, the order of magnitude of the answer has been determined by Frankl and Füredi. In the 1980's, with certain applications in mind, Chung, Erdős and Graham and Chung and Erdős considered what happens if one allows k, the size of the desired sunflower, to grow with the size of the ground set. In the three uniform case r=3 the correct dependence on the size of the sunflower has been determined by Duke and Erdős and independently by Frankl and in the four uniform case by Bucić, Draganić, Sudakov and Tran. We resolve this problem for any uniformity, by determining up to a constant factor the n-vertex Turán number of a sunflower of arbitrary uniformity r, common intersection size t and with the size of the sunflower k allowed to grow with n.

This is joint work with Matija Bucić and Benny Sudakov.

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